Treaty No. 5

Treaty 5 is a treaty that was first established in September, 1875, between Queen Victoria and Saulteaux and Swampy Cree non-treaty tribes and peoples around Lake Winnipeg in the District of Keewatin.[1][2] Much of what is today central and northern Manitoba was covered by the treaty, as were a few small adjoining portions of the present-day provinces of Saskatchewan and Ontario. The Treaty was completed in two rounds. The first was from September 1875 to September 1876. The Crown intended in 1875 to include only "the Indians [east and west] of Lake Winnipeg for the surrender of the Territory uncovered by previous treaties" including "the proposed migration[3] of the Norway House band".[4] Pimicikamak territory was north of the lake. It was included by accident or design of Tepastenam attending the Norway House signing.[5] Additional peoples and groups signed on between 1908 and 1910.


20 September 1875: signing of Treaty 5 at Berens River, Manitoba
24 September 1875: signing of Treaty 5 by Norway House[6] and Pimicikamak peoples[7] at Norway House, Manitoba
27 September. 1875: Grand Rapids signing
28 September 1875: signing by Wa-Pang or Dog-Head community, to be included with the reservation assigned for the Norway House community
26 July 1876: Big Island signing at Wa-Pang/Dog-Head Island
4 August 1876: signing by Grand Rapids tribes at Beren's River
7 September 1876: signing by Black River Saulteaux band, signed in Winnipeg
7 September 1876: The Pas signing by tribes in that region
26 June 1908: Split Lake adhesion signing
8 July 1908: Norway House adhesion signing
15 July 1908: Cross Lake adhesion signing
30 July 1908: Nelson House adhesion signing
24 August 1908: Fisher River adhesion signing
29 July 1909: Oxford House adhesion signing
6 August 1909: God's Lake adhesion signing
13 August 1909: Island Lake adhesion signing
9 June 1910: Deer's Lake East adhesion signing
10 August 1910: York Factory adhesion signing

Source: Wikipedia: